juvenile justice system problems essay

The lacking of effective counseling services for juvenile delinquents before and after being detained or incarcerated has been considered a large part of the overall problem in the juvenile justice system as well as a very low success rate in making positive changes in the life of the juvenile offender. VAT Registration No: 842417633. Some people would argue that a criminal is just that, regardless of age. "The juvenile court was the culmination of efforts of the positivist, The juvenile justice system was founded with the goal to serve the best interests of the child, with an understanding that youth possessed different needs than adults. When thinking of reforming the juvenile justice system one has to think; what can we do to make this better for everyone involve? In fact despite the proof that rehabilitative programs can work the state has failed to aggressively implement them and prefers instead to detain or incarcerate. Through rehabilitative services and programs the juvenile will have an opportunity to make positive changes in their lives and become more productive members of society. The criminal justice system has an important role in society to maintain order and to ensure that law is equal and fair; no matter age, ethnicity, race, sex, or social economical status. Upper Iowa University Juvenile Justice System Essay The U.S. juvenile justice system is currently designed to address the special needs of minors who engage in criminal acts but might not yet be held fully responsible for their behavior, as they are not yet legal adults recognized by society. The trend for the juvenile justice system to detain the juvenile over finding effective rehabilitative services is not the only challenge facing juvenile justice systems across the nation. Adults, however, are not the only ones who commit crimes. Today, the debate over the development and change of the modern juvenile justice system raises the problem of its adaptation to the specific environment, where the juvenile justice system is implemented. Research on the other hand shows that juveniles have underdeveloped, How Technology Has Changed Business Environment, Drug Discovery And Development Of New Medicine, Ambiguous Concepts Of Insolvency Between Temporary Lack Of Liquidity, Communication Is Essential For Business As Well As Interpersonal Relationships, Non Verbal And Interpersonal Communication, Extreme Poverty : Causes, Effects, And Solutions. The juvenile justice system is children who are under the age of 18 years old. Juvenile Reform: On the Right Track? Whilst today’s intergeneration effects of poverty and the loss of autonomy fuel Indigenous disadvantage, the criminal law institution is another contributor which vividly displays disadvantages and barriers which preclude Indigenous Australians from sufficiently accessing justice. The guards are supposed to maintain order and even with that, many problems remain. The essay sample on Juvenile Justice Essay dwells on its problems, providing shortened but comprehensive overview of basic facts and arguments related to it. Company Registration No: 4964706. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? The state of Texas has one of the largest the juvenile justice populations in the country and juveniles are detained in a large majority of cases. In the 1800s, they believed that the death sentence was one of the only ways to teach people that crime is not permissible, and even if children committed a very low-level crime, they could be put to death. Juveniles that are laced in detention centers are faced with becoming more aggressive than the next juvenile just to survive. Instead of investing in the future of juveniles the system is just focused on punishing the juvenile and removing them from society. The cases arise from dealing with certain aspects that comes from handling juveniles entering the system. If you are a young person under the age of 18 and you commit a crime, you will have your case heard in the juvenile justice system. Instead of learning to become more productive members of society the juvenile learns new criminal skills. Juvenile justice systems across the country are experiencing major challenges resulted in a failure to meet their original goal to change the deviant behavior of the juvenile delinquent by focusing on rehabilitation in order to ensure juveniles have an opportunity for a future life as a productive citizen. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! All criminal offenders in the juvenile justice system should be guaranteed an equal and fair juvenile justice process but this is just not the case. For instance, were they the leader in the act? It is instead focused on punishing juveniles for their bad behavior. To read the essay, scroll down. Majority of the delinquency comes from their juvenile life stage. Was the juvenile even aware of what was taking place? Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. The Sixth Amendment provide important rights for criminal defendants, including the right to a speedy and public trial, to a trial by an impartial and local jury, to be informed of the charges against him, to be confronted by witness against him, to compulsory process for obtaining witnesses, and to have a lawyer. The report also said black juveniles were treated more harshly than white teenagers in detention practices and transfers to criminal court to be tried as adults (Dries, 2012). Minorities, African Americans especially, are placed in juvenile detention centers or receive waivers that require them to be tried as adults. The fact is in the juvenile justice system there have been many failures that have resulted in many challenges. Awarded design system justice essay about juvenile - based learning, in. Reference this. Juvenile crime is a term around the world that is difficult to pinpoint and although there are several definitions many fail to be concrete. The juvenile justice system and criminal justice system also known as the adult justice system is two different systems. Were they peer pressured? The justice system did not always have a special category for juveniles and their crime. Brooks et al. After the age of 18, it is considered to be an adult it will enter through the adult justice system. Show More. In fact 80% of juveniles who enter New York’s juvenile facilities end up returning or graduating to adult prisons within three years (Louis, 2008). Furthermore, the juvenile justice system has no real punitive measures that can be put in place to deal with juvenile offenders who should be removed from society. There ate states that allows youth to stay in the juvenile justice system from age 18 until 21. While juveniles are afforded some due process rights, the juvenile justice system is not focused on equality or even justice. Further, those who ended up being sentenced to juvenile prison were 37 times more likely to be arrested again as adults, compared with similarly misbehaved kids who were either not caught or not put into the system (Szalavitz, 2009). Therefore, there are 51 juvenile, criminal justice system and juveniles, there have been many landmark cases that have made a significant impact on the juvenile justice system. The law was in the image of the common law of England. Before answering, take into consideration every possible scenario that could have led them to commit the crime. It is estimated that between 60 to 75 percent of the youth in the juvenile justice system have one or more diagnosable disabilities. In New York the juvenile justice system became so corrupt and the treatment of juveniles so inhumane the governor called for a complete overhaul and reform of the New York juvenile justice system (Louis, 2008). There are many factors that play into sentencing juveniles or minors upon a crime committed. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. After the age of 18, it is considered to be an adult it will enter through the adult justice system. However, the big question is, should juveniles be tried in adult courts? In order to approve grants to help fight Juvenile delinquency, the application is required to go through SMART that has a formula. These failures have been attributed to the delinquent or criminal behavior of the minority by the juvenile justice system but by critics it has been attributed to racial profiling of police and bias in the juvenile courts. The problems affect all those incarcerated as well as the guards who are watchmen over the prison walls. No plagiarism, guaranteed! In research conducted by Annie Casey Foundation it was discovered that the juvenile justice system is ineffective, dangerous, and inadequate. Instead of rehabilitating juvenile and taking steps in repairing the family the juvenile justice system has been quick to punish the juvenile. The Difference Between The Juvenile and Criminal Justice Systems Over the last few decades there has been a debate that the Juvenile and Criminal Justice Systems are the similar. prisons, courts and the criminal justice system. The juvenile justice system is similar to the criminal justice system. Kids under 18 can commit crimes too. *You can also browse our support articles here >. Once the juvenile delinquent becomes a part of the system, adult or juvenile, they have difficulty escaping from the stigma and moving on to create better lives. The lacking of effective counseling services for pre-incarceration level and post-incarceration level offenders has been considered a large part of the overall problem in the State of Oklahoma. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. Secondly the community where the youth will have a place to go and have something more constructive to do to keep them out of trouble. The judges in the state are quick to detain the juvenile because the state has become limited in the resources available to rehabilitee the juvenile offender. After a two-and-a-half year investigation by the Civil Right Division it was discovered similar to the adult criminal justice system that the minority is treated more harshly than the non-minority. The juvenile system has not been serving its purpose of proving rehab programs to youths; it is been created into “youth jail” instead. The program provides the juveniles with an opportunity to obtain their high school diploma or G.E.D and an opportunity to learn a new job skill. The new Partnership consists of four Resource Centers that will … Research has shown that the juvenile justice system has failed in their goal to rehabilitate juveniles to ensure they do not grow up to become adult criminals. To write an essay in juvenile justice, you need to understand the law, sociology, and developmental psychology, as they explain the phenomenon of crimes committed by juveniles. This recidivism rate is 20% higher that the New York adult criminal justice system. Juvenile justice has always been a controversial question because some people consider that children should be tried for crimes the same way the adults are since the harm is usually the same and, sometimes, the consequences are even more dramatic. The Juvenile Re-entry of Oklahoma County program is one such program that has been shown to be successful with only a 10% failure rate (Kelly, 2010). Looking for a flexible role? As a result there is a major overrepresentation of minorities in both the juvenile and adult justice systems. According to Schmeltzer (2009) Status offenses were a natural outgrowth of Juvenile court philosophy. The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation recently announced the establishment of ... effectiveness, performance, and outcomes of the juvenile justice system. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. Problems and Solutions in Juvenile Justice. Juvenile Justice System Essay. One of the largest concerns of all law enforcement personnel should be the juvenile justice system. The research will seek to understand the extent of the failures of the juvenile justice system by presenting statistical research and real world examples of these failures. Three Problems of the Criminal Justice System and how to Fix them . There are many problems that plague our current criminal justice system. The Problems with Our Justice System The present system of justice in this country is too slow and far too lenient. The better juvenile justice professionals understand the failure of the system the more effective they can be in developing more effective measures for ensuring the juvenile learns new and positive behavior and does not grow up to become an adult criminal offender. When a juvenile is sent to prison, he/she has a cell mate that could be a bad influence for them. Juveniles was once treated as adults when they committed crimes and were subjected to harsh punishments. These can include emotional and behavioral disorders, learning disabilities, and developmental disabilities. The juvenile justice system is children who are under the age of 18 years old. Did they participate in the crime? Criminology Crime And Social Problems In The Juvenile Justice System. Since juveniles are very different from adults they have to deal with them a certain way and a case by case basis. However, juvenile justice has not always been driven by this philosophy. This has been an issue in the juvenile system since the early 1800s. (Juvenile Justice) They are children, and the lack of maturity and brain development can produce risky, impulsive behavior, and should be treated rather than persecuted and written off. Children are the future of America and if they can be reached prior to taking the wrong road then the potential of changing the level of violence in this country could be substantial. Instead of delinquents making positive changes in their life, they instead graduate up to adult prison and become adult criminal offenders. The research showed that law enforcement, which has discretion in what happens to the juvenile, is far more likely to detain the minority juvenile and release the non-minority juvenile into the custody of their parents or guardian. When juveniles are placed within juvenile detention centers instead of sent being home with their parents and being required to attend rehabilitative programs and services that will assist them in changing their behavior and leading a more positive lifestyle. Many would like the system to be abolished because of its nature and the coast to keep the system is high. Many believe juveniles commit these delinquent acts due to exposure to social problems such as violence, racism, poverty, and culture. The idea of a separate justice system for juveniles is just over one hundred years old (American Bar). Research has shown that juveniles that are placed in juvenile detention centers are seven times more likely to grow up to become adult criminal offenders or to be tried as an adult while juveniles. Many problems arise when it comes to different factors within the juvenile justice system. The thing is that, it hasn’t always gone that way. ... Reformers have been making changes within the juvenile justice system in order to get the system working at its best. William Blackstone, Blackstone’s Commentaries on the Laws of England, first published, Juveniles committing crimes is not a new issued being introduced to society; actually, it has been an issue for centuries. The juvenile justice system has not been strong enough to find an appropriate sentence for small crimes committed by children who are not living stable lives. Where did juvenile justice come from? These studies have shown that more juveniles that are transferred to the criminal justice system ends up back in the system, which means the recidivism rate is, Introduction Juvenile justice is very different in every state and can be very similar as well because every system has limited jurisdiction and that most focus on the offenders and not their offenses. The violent crime index includes the offenses of murder and non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault.The property crime index includes the offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor … All work is written to order. The Juvenile Justice system is constantly increasing in numbers because children who are abuse usually end up in the juvenile Justice system because of behavior such as truancy, vagrancy, running away from home and corruptibility. The juvenile justice system is constantly increasing in numbers because children who are abuse usually end up in the juvenile justice system because of behavior such as truancy, vagrancy, running away from home and corrigibility. In the nineteenth century, all juvenile … Differences between Juvenile and Adult Systems Criminal Justice Systems, CJA302, Module IV – Case Assignment Dr. Gregory Herbert March 8, 2009 History of Criminal Justice System: Differences between Juvenile and Adult Systems When we talk about a juvenile being considered an adult for the purpose of administering justice, there are a multitude of factors that need and should be … This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. The court cases concerning juveniles and the decisions that have come from them is what has made what the juvenile justice system is today, The juvenile justice system and criminal justice system also known as the adult justice system is two different systems. Despite reforms made to the juvenile justice system, changes are still needed. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. Another significant example in the evolution of the juvenile justice system in cited in 1966 when the U.S Supreme Court made a ruling that a juvenile was entitled to a court session when his attorney can access all his records and in which the court offers a written report, citing all the reasons for the bind over to the adult system. The juvenile justice system pushes for extreme crimes to gain justice. The juvenile justice system has also failed to provide a fair and equal juvenile justice process which is obvious based on the racial disparities present in America’s juvenile justice system. At times, the juvenile justice system can sentence an offender to a detention facility, which is one of the most ineffective treatments a youth could receive. “Ibis may be due to variations in living conditions such as greater family affiliation and parental control, stronghold of religious convictions and due regard for moral precepts in Indian society. Here is your Essay on Juvenile Justice System in India ! They are treated differently than adult offenders mainly because of their age and mental capacities I am going to give a brief history of the juvenile justice system and what they did to punish the offender. Despite this goal juvenile justice system, in many cases, has failed to rehabilitate the juvenile and instead have become more prone to placing juvenile delinquents in juvenile detention facilities, or trying them as adult offenders. The Juvenile Justice System and our Law Enforcement It is important to mention that composing a thoughtful and intelligible essay in this discipline is impossible without the writer's skills of argumentation and the ability to apply their theoretical knowledge in the aforementioned subjects. According to Schmalleger (2009) Status offenses were a natural outgrowth of juvenile court philosophy. The juvenile justice system and criminal justice system also known as the adult justice system is two different systems. The Issues Of The Criminal Justice System 1526 Words | 7 Pages. When juveniles are removed from their homes and placed in a juvenile detention they do not become reformed but instead there behavior will worsen in this type of an environment. Juveniles that are detained or that are adjudicated to the adult court system are not taught new positive behaviors that assist them in becoming upstanding members of society and instead they learn new criminal behaviors. The juvenile justice system is children who are under the age of 18 years old. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! The Texas juvenile justice system has large caseloads where juveniles in some cases will be detained for a year without ever going in front of a judge. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. This approach forces officials to either respond with harsh punishment or doing nothing at all. The main thing is getting parents or the guardian more involved in the child’s whereabouts. Can they mentally form criminal intent? Although the justice system understands that most juveniles’ offenders are too young to truly understand the consequences, many of them are still transferred to courts to be tried as adults. These challenges make it difficult for the juvenile justice system to meet its original goal of rehabilitation and have resulted instead with juveniles that are not reformed but instead have the tools to become adult offenders. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. This is a problem because a minor cannot be sentenced the same as an adult if they are denied an attorney. The justice system has been trying to figure out effective ways to treat juvenile criminal offenders successfully for years. Study for free with our range of university lectures! A Problem Of Fixing The Parole System For Juveniles 1819 According to Ryan Haggerty, a Chicago Tribune reporter, “More than half of the people released from the state’s Department of Juvenile Justice facilities are later incarcerated again in the juvenile system, according to the study by the Illinois Juvenile Justice Commission” (Haggerty). Available statistics on juvenile delinquency in India reveal that the problem is not as tense as in the western world. Law enforcement, Today 's concept of the juvenile justice system is relatively new due to significant modifications in policy overtime. Essay On The Juvenile Justice System. The main differences between the juvenile justice system and criminal justice system is rehabilitation and, were treated the same as adult criminals. Research has shown that the juvenile justice system has failed in their goal to rehabilitate juveniles to ensure they do not grow up to become adult criminals. Blair Klostermann 1082 Words 4 Pages. In the law, a juvenile is defined as a person who is not old enough to be held responsible for criminal acts. In other states, such as Oklahoma or Texas, the rate is even higher. the prison system, but most importantly why is there a high percentage of delinquents. In a recent analysis of the program it was discovered that many of the participants not only obtain their education but go on to obtain their college degrees. Too often the punishment given to criminal offenders does not fit the crime committed. Since the reform efforts the juvenile receive discipline but is not subject to inhuman treatment. Since then, the justice system has gone through phases of accepting, Juvenile Justice Consultant Over the course of our semester we have come across various research studies that proves that the adult system is not well equipped to house and rehabilitate the delinquents. These failings within the juvenile justice system can be attributed to the lack of education, lack of support services and an inability to incarcerate the more serious juvenile offenders. There were 130 hours of workshops that targeted educational needs for youths in the juvenile justice system to childhood maltreatment and later …show more content… Proposition 47 with a winning vote of 60 percent. After the age of 18, it is considered to be an adult it will enter through the adult justice system. Juvenile justice officers were known for being cruel and aggressive. Three Problems of the Criminal Justice System and How to Fix Them. Juveniles are not given the same rights during court proceedings as adults are; yet juveniles are being incarcerated as adults are. To put it more precisely, the juvenile justice system is traditionally different from the adult justice system. Did they have any other choice, them. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. 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