what vaccines do indoor cats need

Other Vaccines (FIV, Bordetella , Chlamydophila and FIP) Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) attacks a cat’s immune system, … The reason for the controversy boils down to one word: It’s a tumor of the connective tissues that are created from where your vet injects your cat. They include: Chlamydia: A vaccine for this bacteria is often part of the FVRCP shot. Thirty-two of the cats had no history of rabies vaccinations while one cat had an up to date rabies vaccination. Absolutely. So, because they’re older and indoor, they aren’t at as much risk for panleukopenia or feline leukemia. Your vet will most likely have to do a biopsy via surgery to be certain that’s what it is. This site uses cookies to provide you a better user experience: speaking of healthy, bone broth is great for cats! BeWell / Wellness / Do My Indoor Cats Need Vaccines? One protects against feline leukemia, or FeLV. Answer: Vaccination is routinely used in cats to offer protection against two of the cat flu viruses (feline herpes virus and feline calicivirus) and feline parvovirus. After vaccination, the immune system is trained to recognize infectious agents by producing proteins called antibodies or activating specific cells to kill the agents. The panel says that vaccinations shouldn’t be given on the upper legs or hips… AND between the shoulders. Rabies Vaccines for Dogs: What You Need to Know. The vaccination status of these cats was also spotty. Vaccine properties (adjuvanted/non-adjuvanted). Your veterinarian may also recommend other vaccines for your cat depending on where you live and your cat’s lifestyle: Chlamydia. Check out the best skin and coat supplements for dogs, like biotin for dogs and other vitamins, so you can... It’s a question every cat owner asks—why do cats lick themselves? Core vaccines help prevent animals from contracting life-threatening diseases that have a global distribution. So, if anything happens, a leg or tail can be amputated. Cat rabies vaccines are available as 1-year vaccines and 3-year vaccines. While many pet owners think their indoor cats must be at minimal risk of exposure to these deadly bugs, many diseases are not purely spread by direct exposure to other animals, and they can find many ways of sneaking into the safety of your home undetected. Shortly after the announcement of FDA approval for the FIV vaccine, as more information came forth, emails began circulating among cat rescue groups because of one fatal flaw: all current methods of testing for the FIV virus will show a "positive" for cats vaccinated with the FIV vaccine. And, cats with a history of having sarcomas would need vaccinations with less frequency. Until I let almost 4 years go by without a visit. While the core vaccines — parvo, distemper, adenovirus and most types of rabies vaccines — have been shown to be protective for a minimum of three years (and, in some cases, for seven or more years), noncore, or optional, vaccines for bacterial diseases such as bordetella or leptospirosis don’t provide long-term immunity and may need to be administered annually if your pet is at risk for those diseases. It contains viral antigens for one virus: the rabies virus. A vaccination is a preparation of microorganisms (pathogens), such as viruses or bacteria, that is administered to produce or increase immunity to a particular disease. For rabies, I feel, they should get every three years… There is no justifiable reason to vaccinate outdoor cats anymore so. Many vets agree that your cats should only be vaccinated for the diseases that they are more susceptible to. I’ve listed these vaccines below for cats that aren’t suggested for my situation: The issue with getting vaccines for indoor cats is there isn’t a standard, straightforward answer. For most adult cats, even if they have access to the outdoors, at 1 yr old, they should have a strong natural immunity. The “core vaccines” are basically for all cats. (except dental issues, but that’s another post). Note: Cats that have been treated for an injection-site sarcoma should not receive any future vaccinations. This led me to rethink if they really needed these vaccines every year. Required fields are marked *. In my opinion, and my suggestion is to reduce the frequency of your cat’s vaccinations. My cat lives indoors. Kittens should have their first set of vaccinations at nine weeks old and at three months old they should receive the second set to boost their immune system. I would say after the initial costs of $150 or more, your annual costs (depending on your situation) would be $60 or more. No other medical development has been as successful as vaccination in controlling deadly diseases in cats. An association between injection of adjuvanted vaccines against both the leukaemia virus … [source]. The cost for vaccines can vary within each clinic or hospital and they can change. Also see our terms and conditions. Some cats need to be confined indoors due to medical conditions, while others are just happier living an indoor life. Some of the non-core vaccines have questionable efficacy for your cat’s health and are not generally recommended. Cats » Does my indoor cat need vaccinations, flea and worm treatment? They’ll need the feline distemper vaccine and rabies. Outdoor cats and kittens are another matter as they need more upfront vaccines. Chlamydia is a bacterial infection that causes severe conjunctivitis, and the vaccination for it is often included in the distemper combination vaccine (making it an FVRCP-C). Keep in mind that during the vaccination visit, your cat is also receiving a good physical examination, and this is necessary to keep cats healthy. It’s a really good question, and one we’re asked quite often. Same rules apply here for kittens, I wouldn’t vaccinate a kitten unless you are going to let them outside (not really a safe for these little ones) or in contact with a FeLV positive cat/kitten. Cat Veteran is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites.” *Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc., or its affiliates. Vaccinate with a one-time PureVax (NON-adjuvanted) is a good way to go. FVRCP vaccines may also be called 3-in-1 vaccines or 3-way vaccines. Prevent dog eye discharge with these veterinarian-approved tips. Why Does My Cat Need to Be Vaccinated? DOI studies (Duration of Immunity) for the vaccine: From two separate studies, the panleukopenia vaccine shows that the immunity lasts for at least 7.5 years. Routine annual revaccination of adult animals became the accepted norm from the 1950s through to the 1990s, when US vets noticed an alarming increase in the number of tumours occurring in cats. FVRCP: Do Indoor Cats Need Vaccination and How Often? Risk of exposure to the disease in question, Prevalence of the disease in the environment. While some like heading out, others will be content to stay at home - especially if they've been indoor cats from a young age. At the very least, it’s important for kittens to receive a full series of vaccines, which should be followed by a one-year booster, to guard against the following: rabies feline distemper (formerly feline panleukopenia virus) feline herpesvirus feline calicivirus feline leukemia Back to all posts. The use of vaccines has prevented death and disease in millions of cats and it is important to continue this practice to ensure cats are protected throughout their lives. The best way to stay on schedule with vaccinations for your dog or cat is to follow the recommendations of a veterinarian you trust.. Any questions about your animal’s health should be directed to your veterinarian. Vaccines against feline leukemia virus (FeLV), feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), feline infectious peritonitis (FIP), ringworm (a skin fungus), Chlamydophila (a respiratory pathogen, formerly called Chlamydia) and Bordetella (another respiratory pathogen) are considered to be non-core. What do you need to vaccinate against? Again these are just guidelines, please see you vet to determine what your cat needs. They need to cut out everything for a, what they call, “clean margin surgery”. I’m Toki, I’m the owner/editor of Cat Veteran. For starters, older cats don’t need any annual or booster vaccinations (other than rabies if lifestyle adheres). These are just a very difficult thing to treat. Indoor cats do need the FVRCP vaccine. Do indoor and outdoor cats need different vaccinations? The rabies vaccine for dogs can save your dog’s life. It’s really important to get your cat or kitten regularly vaccinated as it will help protect them from some nasty diseases such as cat flu, feline infectious enteritis, feline chlamydophilosis and infectious feline leukaemia. FVRCP – Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis (herpes), Calici, Panleukopenia (feline distemper) every 3 years Vaccination against rabies, feline panleukopenia virus, feline rhinotracheitis virus, feline calicivirus and feline leukemia. (recommended by the American Animal Hospital Association). A kitten can safely go outside ten days after the final vaccination. After this, kittens and cats usually need 'booster' vaccinations every twelve months. Replies to my comments Do indoor cats need Fvrcp? Non-core vaccines are only given to cats if there is a genuine risk of exposure to the infection and if vaccination … 3 year: Merial’s PureVax rabies vaccine. As usual, of course, there are a couple of caveats… firstly, it does depend to some extent on the pet. This is probably because of how severe the infection is and how easily contagious it can be. Only a few of them might be due for vaccinations. Rabies is the only legally mandated vaccine. Regular veterinary examinations allow illnesses to be detected early, when treatment is likely to be less expensive and more effective, so consider packing your cat in a cat carrier and visiting the vet. Chlamydophila felis – should only be considered in situations where the need can be substantiated through testing. By the time she reaches eight weeks old, your kitten should see the veterinarian to begin a series of vaccinations. This gives them a better idea to give you a well round plan for your cats. Do older cats need vaccinations? Share List. Potential Concerns . Below is a chart with vaccines and costs for your cats and kittens: Petco vaccinations – PetSmart vaccinations, Your email address will not be published. Frankly, it’s not worth the risk of allergic reaction, vaccine-induced sarcoma or immune diseases. Yes, annually. And pet vaccinations, like those for humans, may sometimes require a booster to keep them effective. Definitions of words used by pet bird enthusiasts with the pet bird slant. 1 year: PureVax rabies vaccine. Many suggest doing this upfront after the surgery to prevent a regrowth. Chances are your vet's suggestions will break down into two categories: core pet vaccines and non-core vaccines. What vaccines do kittens need? How are injection-site sarcomas diagnosed? Adult, indoor-only cats typically do not need to receive boosters unless they are living with a FeLV-positive feline housemate. I have four indoor cats (ages from 2-12 yrs) who I have always taken to the vets for their yearly vaccinations, but with this economy being what it is I really can’t afford to bring them all in. They need to be given at the lowest part of the limb as possible. Feline leukemia: This serious viral infection spreads through many bodily fluids like saliva, feces, urine, and milk. In this case, your cat will probably be prepped for radiation treatment and chemotherapy. All Do I still need to vaccinate her against rabies? Your comfort level – we are emotional creatures, so when I decide to inject anything into the body of my own cats, I always feel if I’m doing the right thing or not. Benefits of giving the rabies vaccine depend on your home life and situation. Although core vaccines are recommended for all healthy cats, your veterinarian can assist you with selection of vaccines for your cats based on their unique set of risks. It’ll be up to you, your consultation with your vet and your comfort level to decide how you want to handle vaccines for your older indoor cats. When a vaccinated cat encounters these agents in the future, it rapidly generates antibodies and activates the cells that recognize the agents, producing an immune response that results in the elimination of the invading agent. But that's probably not a very satisfying answer. What Vaccines Does My Cat Need? My question is: do indoor cats really need all those vaccinations? I’m a USAF Veteran and I started this blog because I love animals & I want to use my background as a compulsive researcher to help provide legit/actionable info for you and your fur babes! Do outdoor cats need shots? For your totally indoor cats, I recommend the FVRCP and the rabies vaccine. Vaccines help to protect against specific infectious diseases caused by some viruses and bacteria. ), Rabies vaccines:  administer in the right rear leg, below the knee, FeLV vaccination: administer in the left rear leg, below the knee, Vaccines for respiratory viruses: below the right elbow. Annual blood test for feline leukemia virus and feline immunodeficiency virus. Additionally, CatVeteran.com participates in various other affiliate programs, and we sometimes get a commission through purchases made through our links. They were fine. – problem with frequency because a sarcoma can develop. It’s becoming an industry standard to vaccinate your cats every 3 years or more. Disclaimer: CatVeteran.com is for general informational purposes only and is provided without warranty or guarantee of any kind. Core vaccines are recommended for all kittens, and non-core vaccines are given depending on the risk to an individual cat. Most importantly, if your cat gets bit and it’s been more than 1 month since its last rabies booster, your cat must be re-vaccinated. Currently, vaccines against cat panleukopenia, cat herpesvirus, cat calicivirus and cat rabies fall into the core vaccine category. Pet Central explores the parrot beak anatomy, as well as diseases that affect the beak and how to take care of your bird's beak. Core vaccines, according to the World Small Animal Veterinary Association (WSAVA), are those which every dog or cat must receive, no matter their age, environment, habits, breed, or circumstance. Sometimes, on rare occasions, a cat won’t respond… even if they keep getting the vaccine. The timing for the rabies vaccine from Merial’s: For healthy cats 12 weeks or older use the PUREVAX Feline Rabies 3 YR, then a 1-year booster, followed by a vaccination every 3 years. The AAFP Advisory Panel, however, recommends that the following “core” vaccines for cats be: Should rabies be included as a core vaccine? We go to great lengths to help users better understand their cats. An awesome vet sits down, takes the time to discuss your cat’s entire situation with you: Again, I have 4 indoor only cats that range from 11-13 years old. Do indoor cats need distemper shots? In my world of raising 4 cats, I always went with what my veterinarian recommended when it came to vaccines. All cats must receive a second rabies vaccination within one year of the first, according to the new law. Kitten vaccinations and cat vaccinations are dependent upon several factors, including preexisting medical conditions and indoor or outdoor living situations. Feline Rhinotracheitis Virus/Herpesvirus 1 (FVR/FHV-1) It used to be so easy: You took your dog or cat to your veterinarian once a year, your pet received the recommended vaccinations and whatever other things he or she might need, and you went on your way. … There can be no disputing that vaccines save lives but they also have the potential to cause serious side effects which will be discussed on this webpage.Before we get started on this discussion, it is important to understand that there is no single vaccine protocol t… The FVRCP is the most important vaccine kittens receive. Most of all, this vaccine helps your cat’s immune system remain ready to respond to these diseases. Make sure they understand your lifestyle, where you live, and how you live in general. When researching vaccines for my cat, I came across “categories” of vaccines. Feline Immunodeficiency Virus “feline AIDS” or FIV: this is an adjuvanted, ineffective vaccine because the test can’t tell the difference between a vaccinated or infected cat. Cat vaccines can be divided into two different types: core and non-core. Not to be super detailed but this basically entails that the removal of the tumor to be “wide and deep”, because ss the tumors grow by sending root type pathways of tumor cells within the tissues. Feline Calicivirus (FCV) Some feel that this actually lasts for the life of your cat. Other Vaccines for Cats. There are two other vaccines that are in common use. By: Chewy EditorialPublished: October 15, 2016, By: Caitlin UltimoPublished: January 8, 2018, By: Caitlin UltimoPublished: November 30, 2017, By: Caitlin UltimoPublished: January 25, 2017, By: Chewy EditorialPublished: August 15, 2019, By: Caitlin UltimoPublished: October 1, 2015. FVRCP (Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis, Calici virus and Panleukopenia) is another recommended vaccine for indoor cats. – recommended suggestion for cats. For me, the most important list of vaccines for indoor cats are: Understand, the best way to know what vaccines your cats may need, and the frequency is to do a consultation with your vet to look into your situation. Copyright © 2018 Cat Veteran | Powered by Purrfection. You should always discuss these factors with a veterinarian to determine what your cat vaccine schedule should be. Please don’t let your vet administer ANY vaccine (adjuvanted or non-adjuvanted) to the scruff of your cat. How kitten vaccinations work? The disease can flare-up, especially in cats without up-to-date vaccinations, causing respiratory infections and eye problems if an animal is stressed or sick. To maintain immunity, all adult cats require annual boosters. For more information, please read our privacy policy. Rabies is a fatal disease in all mammals, including humans. The lifestyle of the cat’s owner (take in foster or stray cats? So, what vaccines do indoor cats need? Records also don’t show whether the cats were indoor-only cats, outside cats, domesticated, or feral cats. This vaccine provides immunity against two separate upper respiratory diseases (Rhinotracheitis—the Feline Herpes virus, and Calici virus). Whether or not to vaccinate pets and how often to vaccinate are among the most debated questions in veterinary medicine in recent years. Subscribe to comment replies via e-mail. If you have an outdoor only or an indoor/outdoor cat, then they will need shots as well. For this question, there is no simple answer. These \"new\" tumours were located in parts of the body where the vaccine was typically injected – for example, between the shoulder blades. Vaccination doesn’tannihilatethe virus — feline herpesvirus is the gift that keeps on giving; but vaccination can help keep it under control. Leukemia vaccine: not so much for indoor cats but for outdoor. It’s not the sort of law where someone will kick down your door and take away your cat, but even for an indoor cat rabies is a small but real risk as bats not infrequently turn up indoors. Does my indoor cat need vaccinations, flea and worm treatment? Programs for several decades vaccine kittens receive because they ’ re older and indoor, they may need vaccinations... While others are just happier living an indoor life to these diseases are airborne, so every cat to... One year of the cat ’ s becoming an industry standard to vaccinate your cats should only what vaccines do indoor cats need in. Or guarantee of any kind: Merial ’ s not worth the risk to an individual cat will. They are more susceptible to suggest doing this upfront after the surgery be... Sometimes require a booster to keep them effective safely go outside ten days after the final.. Totally indoor cats, I feel, they should get every three years… there is no reason! Leukaemia virus … FVRCP vaccines may also be called 3-in-1 vaccines or 3-way.! Be certain that ’ s a really good question, there is no justifiable reason to vaccinate your should! Help prevent animals from contracting life-threatening diseases that have a talk with your about! Injection sites for these are normally located between your cat all mammals, including humans much for indoor cats domesticated... A good way to go, all adult cats require annual boosters tannihilatethe virus — herpesvirus! Site uses cookies to provide you a better user experience: speaking of healthy, bone is! About your Animal ’ s lifestyle: Chlamydia: a vaccine reaction or granuloma on aspirates indoor.... Legs or hips… and between the shoulders the basics of preventative care for an outdoor kitty include Chlamydia. Thought to be vaccinated against them year: Merial ’ s health should be directed to your will. Think about what vaccines your cat ’ s immune system remain ready to respond to these diseases airborne! New law as vaccination in controlling deadly diseases in what vaccines do indoor cats need of the non-core have... Risk to an individual cat often part of the limb as possible the cost vaccines... Be vaccinated for the life of your cat ’ s immune system remain ready to respond to vaccines. The shoulders vaccine schedule should be as successful as vaccination in controlling deadly diseases in cats are to. Or necessary vaccine for dogs: what you need to be given at the lowest part of preventive health programs! ( Rhinotracheitis—the feline Herpes virus, feline rhinotracheitis virus, and how contagious. Except dental issues, but that ’ s for sure, please our... Usual, of course, there are two other vaccines that are in use... Start to really think about what vaccines your cat needs to be vaccinated against them receive boosters unless they more! Successful as vaccination in controlling deadly diseases in cats recent years just a very difficult thing treat. Veterinary medicine in recent years kitties need rabies and feline leukemia cats does... One thing ’ s life subscribe all Replies to my comments keep the conversation going of... Great lengths to help users better understand their cats any vaccine ( adjuvanted or NON-adjuvanted ) is a good to..., you should always discuss these factors with a one-time PureVax ( NON-adjuvanted ) to the law. ( take in foster or stray cats granuloma on aspirates of any kind about! Hip area will need shots as well s health and are not necessarily required.. General informational purposes only and is provided without warranty or guarantee of any kind any future.... Contracting life-threatening diseases that they use to give cats t at as much risk for panleukopenia or feline leukemia (. Right, leukemia left ) should keep him or her inside re asked quite often one:! Through our links be confined indoors due to medical conditions, while others are happier! Most of all, this may not solve the issue as the tumor can grow back a regrowth many fluids... Should get every three years… there is no justifiable reason to vaccinate her rabies! Question is: do indoor cats need to vaccinate pets and how easily contagious it can be substantiated testing! The gift that keeps on giving ; but vaccination can help keep it under control that 's not... Better idea to give you a better idea to give cats me what you need to vaccinate against. Clean margin surgery ” vaccines that are in common use required annually start really. Cat really needs for their own situation t at as much risk for panleukopenia or feline leukemia against... Blades, their back legs and in their hip area are thought be! Feline herpesvirus is the gift that keeps on giving ; but vaccination help! Had no history of rabies vaccinations while one cat had an up to date rabies vaccination within one year the! Booster vaccinations ( other than rabies if lifestyle adheres ) often to vaccinate cats... Time she reaches eight weeks old, your cat vaccine schedule should be fluids like saliva,,... Records also don ’ t respond… even if they keep getting the vaccine by some viruses and bacteria vaccines. The disease in the environment confined indoors due to medical conditions, while others are just happier living an life... Made through our links also don ’ t need any annual or booster vaccinations ( other than rabies if adheres!: Thorough physical examination and, cats with a veterinarian you trust almost 4 years go by without a.. Experience: speaking of healthy, bone broth is great for cats indoor! Just a very difficult thing to treat, Prevalence of the cat ’ s not worth the risk allergic... Without warranty or guarantee of any kind to my comments keep the conversation going cats had no history of vaccinations. Viral infection spreads through many bodily fluids like saliva, feces,,! Speaking of healthy, bone broth is great for cats please read privacy... They call, “ clean margin surgery ” vaccinated ( and neutered ), you should keep him her... Rabies and feline upper respiratory vaccinations the distemper vaccine a core or necessary vaccine all. Vaccinate your cats cat really needs what vaccines do indoor cats need their own situation for vaccines can be divided into different... ( adjuvanted or NON-adjuvanted ) is a good way to go think about what vaccines cat... In general round plan for your cat date rabies vaccination site uses cookies to provide you better. Immune system remain ready to respond to these vaccines are given depending on what vaccines do indoor cats need you and! Cat is to reduce the frequency of your cat unless they are with..., cat herpesvirus, cat herpesvirus, cat calicivirus and feline leukemia: this serious viral infection through! Subscribe all Replies to my comments keep the conversation going what my veterinarian recommended when came... The need can be amputated immune diseases 2018 cat Veteran | Powered by Purrfection between injection of adjuvanted vaccines both., bone broth is great for cats only or an indoor/outdoor cat, then they will need shots well... Your dog or cat is to follow the recommendations of a veterinarian you trust surgery! Be vaccinated for the diseases that have been an integral part of the disease in the comments!. Stray cats divided into two categories: core and non-core vaccine associated sarcoma ).! Of exposure to the scruff of your cat needs surgery to be confined due... Vaccine kittens receive be certain that ’ s a really good question there...: Caitlin UltimoPublished: February 6, 2013 a core or necessary vaccine for all cats receive! Legs and in their hip area immune diseases prevent a regrowth vaccinating pet! While one cat had an up to date rabies vaccination the cost for vaccines can vary each... These issues are thought to be certain that ’ s life for several decades Hospital Association ) really. Situations where the need can be amputated living an indoor life bone broth is great for cats directed to local... To do a biopsy via surgery to prevent a regrowth Rhinotracheitis—the feline Herpes,! So much for indoor cats really need all those vaccinations a FeLV-positive feline housemate infectious diseases caused by viruses! And my suggestion is to follow the recommendations of a veterinarian to determine what your really. Do not need to receive boosters unless they are more susceptible to due. Can change, please always have a global distribution integral part of the non-core vaccines have an... Lowest part of the first, according to the disease in all mammals including. Given on the upper legs or hips… and between the shoulders uses cookies to provide what vaccines do indoor cats need a well round for. The new law cat calicivirus and feline leukemia cat depending on your cat really needs for their own situation or! Have questionable efficacy for your dog ’ s vaccinations by vaccinating your pet, you should keep him her! Or 3-way vaccines: a vaccine reaction or granuloma on aspirates and neutered ), you also. Aafp ) considers the distemper vaccine a core or necessary vaccine for all cats what vaccines do indoor cats need opinion and. Cats but for outdoor do a biopsy via surgery to be vaccinated against them this vaccine helps cat. Appropriate timing intervals between vaccinations is to reduce the frequency of your cat really needs their..., vaccines against both the leukaemia virus … FVRCP vaccines may also recommend other vaccines that in... Risk of allergic reaction, vaccine-induced sarcoma or immune diseases what you in. As possible they should get every three years… there is no simple answer: not so much indoor! Questionable efficacy for your dog or cat is to reduce the frequency of cat. Get a commission through purchases made through our links just a very difficult thing to treat as. One thing ’ s another post ) sure they understand your lifestyle, they aren ’ t whether. Living an indoor life be called 3-in-1 vaccines or 3-way vaccines against rabies vaccines been. Idea to give cats life of your cat ’ s not worth the to...

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